7th Michigan Volunteer Infantry, Co. B., Inc.

 

Regimental History

The companies of the Seventh were recruited in different parts of the state, and the regiment was mustered into the U. S. service, Aug. 22, 1861, at Monroe. It was composed of the " Union Guard " of Port Huron, " Curtenius Guard " of Mason, Jonesville Light Guard " of Jonesville, " Monroe Light Guard" of Monroe, "Tuscola Volunteers" of Tuscola, " Blair Guards" of Farmington, " Lapeer Guards" of Lapeer, one company from Pontiac, " Prairieville Rangers " of Prairieville, and " Burr Oak Rangers " of Burr Oak. The Seventh left Monroe Sept. 5, 1861, with 884 officers and enlisted men, under command of Colonel Ira B. Grosvenor, and joined the Army of the Potomac.

The field, staff and line officers at organization were as follows:

Colonel, Ira R. Grosvenor, Monroe. Lieutenant Colonel, Frazey M. Winans, Monroe. Major, Nathaniel B. Eldridge, Lapeer. Surgeon, Bolivar Barnum, Schoolcraft. Assistant Surgeon, Cyrus Bacon, Detroit. Adjutant, Henry B. Landon, Monroe. Quartermaster, Charles M. Walker, Lapeer. Chaplain,-,-

A. Captain, Thomas H. Hunt, Port Huron. First Lieutenant, Charles J. Hunt, Port Huron. Second Lieutenant, James Gain, Port Huron.

B. Captain, Phillip McKernan, Mason. First Lieutenant-,-. Second Lieutenant, John Howell,-,-.

C. Captain, Henry Baxter, Jonesville. First Lieutenant, Sidney B. Vrooman, Jonesville. Second Lieutenant, William W. Wade, Jonesville.

D. Captain, James Darrah, Monroe. First Lieutenant, Sylvanus W. Curtis, Monroe. Second Lieutenant, Henry B. Landon, Monroe.

E. Captain, John H. Richardson, Tuscola. First Lieutenant, Samuel N. Smith, Detroit. Second Lieutenant,-,-.

F. Captain, John D. Harty, Detroit. First Lieutenant, Henry W. Nall Detroit. Second Lieutenant, Charles A. McKnight, Detroit.

G. Captain, James H. Turrill, Lapeer. First Lieutenant, Jacob I Green, Lapeer Second Lieutenant, Charles M. Walker, Lapeer.

H. Captain, Joshua P. Sutton, Flint. First Lieutenant, Almeron S. Mathews, Flint. Second Lieutenant, Charles W. Harris, Flint.

I. Captain, Bezaleel W. Lovell, Lapeer. First Lieutenant, William R. Shafter, Galesburg. Second Lieutenant, Elhanan Phetteplace, Tuscola.

K. Captain, John H. Waterman, Burr Oak. First Lieutenant, Allen H. Zacharias, Monroe. Second Lieutenant, George H. Laird, Burr Oak.

The next month after its arrival at the front, the regiment took part in the disastrous battle of Ball's Bluff. In the spring of 1862 the regiment was assigned to the Third Brigade, Second Division, Second Corps, and was with McClellan in the Peninsular Campaign. It fought gallantly at Yorktown, Fair Oak, Peach Orchard, Savage Station, White Oak Swamp, Glendale, Malvern Hill, and Manassas. The regiment was complimented on numerous occasions by commanding generals during this campaign for its steadiness under fire and for its gallantry in action and its stubborn resistance when confronting the enemy. Though its losses were severe the ardor of the men never failed to respond to the orders of their officers under the most trying circumstances.

Colonel Norman J. Hall was commissioned to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Colonel Grosvenor, and assumed command in July. He led the regiment in the battle of Antietam, where its ranks were decimated nearly one half, and lost a large number of fearless line officers.

The Seventh gained an enviable reputation at Fredericksburg, in Dec., 1862, where it volunteered to cross the Rappahannock in pontoon boats under the fire of the enemy and drive the confederate sharpshooters from their cover behind walls, rifle pits,and stone buildings, who had by their well directed fire stopped the engineers from laying a pontoon bridge so the army of General Burnside could cross. Many were killed and wounded while crossing in the boats, among the latter being Lieutenant Colonel Baxter, but they pushed on until the opposite bank was reached, where they charged the enemy and drove him from cover, capturing a number of prisoners.

The Seventh entered the Pennsylvania Campaign in 1863 with the Army of the Potomac, and by long and forced marches reached Gettysburg on the 2nd of July, and was assigned a position on Cemetery Hill, which it retained until the close of the battle, July 3rd. The regiment took 14 officers and 151 men into action and lost in the two days' fighting, 21 killed and 44 wounded, an eloquent eulogy upon the heroism of this regiment.

The Seventh joined in pursuit of the confederate army upon its retreat into Virginia, and Aug. 20th sailed from Alexandria, Va., for New York, to remain during the progress of the draft which was causing riots and turbulent times. The following October it was again with the Army of the Potomac and fought a spirited battle at Bristo Station.

The regiment was on active duty, marching, fighting and building earth works until December, when 162 of tile members re-enlisted and. returned to Monroe January 2, 1864, where it was furloughed for 30 days. It reassembled again at the end of 30 days and returned to its old camp at Barry's Hill.

In May, the regiment started on the long campaign which finally ended in the siege of Petersburg and the surrender of the army of northern Virginia. It was part of the famous Second Corps, and crossed the Rapidan at Ely's Ford on the 4th, and was soon engaged with the enemy in the fearful struggle of the Wilderness. Every day of this march was written in the blood of the Seventh. It fought at Spottsylvania, where it assaulted the enemy's works with great loss. It took part in the series of engagements following Spottsylvania, and was in the disastrous charge at Cold Harbor.

The regiment crosed the James river and arrived before Petersburg on the 15th, where it assisted in building fortifications and performed its share of picket duty until the end of July. While in front of Petersburg it took part in numerous actions in the vicinity, engaging the enemy at Deep Bottom, Reams Station, Hatcher's Run and Boynton Plank Road.

When General Grant commenced his famous flanking movement around Petersburg the Seventh took a conspicuous part, moving to High Bridge and Farmville, and was on the march April 9, 1865, when General Lee surrendered. After the surrender the Seventh marched to Burkville, and then to Richmond, and finally to Washington, where it took part in the grand review.

June 6th the regiment was ordered to report to General Logan at Louisville, Ky.,and arrived in that city on the 22nd. July 5th it was mustered out and returned to Jackson, Mich., where it was paid off and disbanded July 7,1865.

The 7th was engaged at Ball's Bluff, Va., October 21, 1861; Yorktown, Va., April 4th to May 4th, 1862; West Point, Va., May 7, 1862; Fair Oaks, Va., May 31 to June 1, 1862; Peach Orchard,June 29, 1862; Savage Station, June 29, 1862; White Oak Swamp, Va., June 30, 1862; Glendale, Va., June 30, 1862; Malvern Hill, Va., July 1, 1862; Bull Run, 2nd,Va., August 30, 1862; South Mountain, Md., September 14, 1862; Antietam, Md., September 17 1862 Fredericksburg, Va., December 11, 12, and 13, 1862, Chancellorsviile, Va., May 3 and 4,1863; Haymarket, Va., June-,1863; Gettysburg, Penn., July 2 and 3, 1863; Falling Waters, Md., July 14, 1863; Bristo Station, Va., November 27, 1863; Robertson's Tavern, Va., November 29, 1863; Mine Run, Va., November 29, 1863; Wilderness, Va., May 5 and 6, 1864- Po River, Va., May 10, 1864; Spottsylvania, Va., May 12, 1864; North Anna, Va., May 23, 1864; Ny River, Va., May 24, 1864; Tolopotomy, Va., May 30 and 3I and June 1, 1864; Cold Harbor, Va., June 3, 1864; Petersburg, Va., June 18 and 22, 1864; Deep Bottom, Va., July 27 and 28, 1864; Strawberry Plains, Va., August 14 and 17, 1864; Ream's Station, Va., August 25, 1864; Boydton Road, Va., October 27, 1864; Hatcher's Run, Va., February 5,1865; Hatcher's Run, Va, March 29, 1865; Cat Tail Creek, Va., April 2,1865; Farmville, Va., April 7, 1865; siege of Petersburg, Va., from June 17, 1864, to April 3, 1865.

Total enrollment = 1375, killed in action = 127, died of wounds = 56, died of disease = 147, died in confederate prisons = 17, and discharged for disability (wounds and disease) = 344.


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